Adventures in CS

PBS and Interactive Graphs

20 Apr 2019

Generally I don’t pay a whole lot of attention to current affairs. But today I saw the exchange rate between the PKR and USD and I was taken by surprise at how much value of PKR had fallen.

So, I started to look at statistical measures that are used are indicator for economy. One thing lead to another and I ended up writing a python program to automatically extra data out of the PDF reports that are made available by the Bureau of Statistics in Pakistan. Compared to the usual static graphs that I generally do, I decided to work with interactive graphing library. One such library is Bokeh and that is what I experimented with today.

Bokeh can create nice interactive visualizations for modern web browsers. There are some other options available which I might give a try soon enough.

Adding Hover information

Here is a small code snippet for Bokeh to add tooltip to the graph to display the information about the data points when you hover over them.

from import show
from bokeh.models import ColumnDataSource
from bokeh.plotting import figure
import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame({'x': [1, 2, 3], 'A_y' : [1, 5, 3], 'A': [0.2, 0.1, 0.2],
                  'B_y' : [2, 4, 3], 'B':[0.1, 0.3, 0.2]})

tools_to_show = 'box_zoom,save,hover,reset'
p = figure(plot_height =300, plot_width = 1200,
           toolbar_location='above', tools=tools_to_show,

           # "easy" tooltips in Bokeh 0.13.0 or newer
           tooltips=[("Name","$name"), ("Aux", "@$name")])

columns = ['A', 'B']
source = ColumnDataSource(df)
for col in columns:

    # have to use different colnames for y-coords so tooltip can refer to @$name
    p.line('x', col + "_y", source=source, name=col)


This snippet has been taken from this stackoverflow answer.

Color Palettes

from bokeh.palettes import *
colors = viridis(5)

More information about the available palettes can be found here.


Based on this answer on stackoverflow.

checkbox = CheckboxGroup(labels=items, active=range(len(lines)))

iterable = [('p'+str(i),lines[i]) for i in range(len(lines))]+[('checkbox',checkbox)]

checkbox_code = ''.join(['p'+str(i)+'.visible ='+str(i)+');' for i in range(len(lines))])
checkbox.callback = CustomJS(args={key: value for key,value in iterable}, code=checkbox_code)

clear_button = Button(label='Clear all',width=100)
clear_button_code = "[];"+checkbox_code
clear_button.callback = CustomJS(args={key: value for key,value in iterable}, code=clear_button_code)

check_button = Button(label='Check all',width=100)
check_button_code = ""+str(range(len(lines)))+";"+checkbox_code
check_button.callback = CustomJS(args={key: value for key,value in iterable}, code=check_button_code)

Reversing the order of the dataframe columns. df.iloc[:, ::-1]

Swapping the cols with rows using transpose df.T

Dataframe from dict pd.DataFrame.from_dict(data)


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